Calcaneal fractures are a common orthopedic disease, account for approximately 2% of all bone fractures, and represent 60% of fractures of tarsal bones. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is a synthetic antifibrinolytic drug that competitively blocks the lysine-binding sites of plasminogen, plasmin, and tissue plasminogen activator, delaying fibrinolysis and blood clot degradation. However, the effect of TXA on patients with calcaneal surgery remains controversial. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of TXA in calcaneal fractures surgeries./r/nThe electronic literature databases of Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane library were searched in December 2022. The data on blood loss, the stay in the hospital, the duration of surgery, hemoglobin, hematocrit, platelet count, prothrombin time, activated partial thromboplastin time, and wound complication were extracted. The Stata 22.0 software was used for the meta-analysis./r/nFour randomized controlled studies met our inclusion criteria. This meta-analysis showed that TXA significantly reduced postoperative blood loss during the first 24 h (p < 0.001), improved the level of hemoglobin (p < 0.001) and hematocrit (p = 0.03), and reduced the risk of wound complications (p = 0.04). There was no significant difference between the two groups regarding total and intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, duration of surgery, platelet count, activated partial thromboplastin time, and prothrombin time./r/nTXA significantly reduced blood loss during the first 24 h postoperatively, improved the level of hemoglobin and hematocrit, and reduced the risk of wound complications. Given the evidence, TXA can be used in patients with calcaneal fractures and had the potential benefit of blood reduction./r/nThe protocol was registered in PROSPERO (registration No. CRD42023391211).