This study aimed to clarify the characteristics of stress distribution caused by the placement of tapered wedge stems in bowed femurs compared with that in normal femurs and the effect of varus stem placement./r/nModels with normal and enhanced bowing were created from the right-side computed tomography data of a 17-year-old woman with the least bowing among 40 participants who underwent anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction or operative treatment for trauma in our hospital between January 2017 and May 2018. Finite element analysis was performed, assuming the tapered wedge stem was placed in the neutral and varus positions./r/nVarus stem placement on a femur with normal bowing showed a deviation and increase of von Mises stresses in the medial femur. Stem placement on a bowed femur, even when placed in the neutral position, increased stress across the periprosthetic bone. When the stem was placed in the varus position, von Mises stress across the periprosthetic bone increased. Zone 7, with strong bowing, demonstrated 3.6-fold increased stress compared with normal femurs. The maximum tensile principal stress was greatest in zone 6 and increased in zones 3 and 4./r/nSurgeons should assess femoral bowing preoperatively and pay particular attention to intraoperative stem alignment for femurs with high bowing.