Arthroscopic Remplissage Combined With Bankart Repair Results in a Higher Rate of Return to Sport in Athletes Compared With Bankart Repair Alone or the Latarjet Procedure: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Traumatic anterior shoulder instability affects athletes at a higher rate compared with the general population. In recent years, indications for arthroscopic remplissage, an adjunct procedure classically used to reduce the recurrence of anterior shoulder instability in patients with off-track Hill-Sachs lesions, have expanded./r/nTo investigate return-to-sport (RTS) rates, functional outcomes, and adverse events in athletes who underwent arthroscopic Bankart repair with remplissage compared with surgical alternatives such as Bankart repair alone or the Latarjet procedure./r/nSystematic review and meta-analysis; Level of evidence, 4./r/nA literature review of the Embase, PubMed (MEDLINE), and Web of Science databases was conducted for articles published before May 22, 2022. For the systematic review, 16 of 457 studies that reported RTS rates at any time point after remplissage were deemed eligible for inclusion in quantitative analysis and 17 of 457 studies in qualitative analysis. For the meta-analysis, 8 of 457 studies reported RTS rates after remplissage compared with surgical alternatives including Bankart repair alone or the Latarjet procedure and were deemed eligible for inclusion./r/nIn total, 538 athletes underwent remplissage and were included in the study. RTS at any level was achieved by 86% (395/457) of patients, and the odds of RTS at any level were significantly higher after remplissage compared with surgical alternatives (odds ratio [OR], 2.71 [95% CI, 1.14-6.43]; = .02). The odds of RTS at a previous or higher level were also significantly higher after remplissage compared with surgical alternatives (OR, 2.07 [95% CI, 1.29-3.31]; = .002). The mean Rowe score increased significantly from 43.9 ± 7.77 preoperatively (n = 173) to 92.2 ± 4.02 after remplissage (n = 397) ( < .001), but there was no significant difference in Rowe scores between remplissage and surgical alternatives ( = .54). After remplissage, the recurrence rate was 5.0% for athletes (n = 220) and 7.3% for all patients (n = 634), with a mean time to recurrence of 24.0 ± 12.5 months. Reoperations occurred in 3.6% of athletes (n = 110) and 4.1% of all patients (n = 445). Recurrence and reoperations were significantly less likely after remplissage compared with surgical alternatives (OR, 0.18 [95% CI, 0.08-0.39]; < .001 and OR, 0.17 [95% CI, 0.06-0.50]; = .001, respectively)./r/nArthroscopic Bankart repair with remplissage augmentation significantly improved RTS rates among athletes, both at any level and at previous levels of play. Additionally, remplissage appeared to significantly decrease recurrence and reoperation rates compared with surgical alternatives such as Bankart repair alone or the Latarjet procedure.