In total hip arthroplasty (THA), the correct position of the acetabular component directly determines the outcome of the surgery, or the success of the surgery. Therefore, how to accurately locate the position of the acetabular component has become a very critical step in THA. As an important anatomical structure of the hip joint, the transverse acetabular ligament (TAL) is helpful for acetabular component orientation in THA. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate application of TAL in THA./r/nA systematic literature search of PUBMED, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library was performed (January and February 2023) using keywords “total hip arthroplasty,” “total hip replacement,” “total hip replacements,” “total hip arthroplasties,” “total hip prosthesis,” and “transverse acetabular ligament” in all possible combinations. Reference lists of included articles were reviewed. Study design, surgical approach, patient demographics, TAL identification rate, appearance of the TAL, anteversion and inclination angle and rate of dislocations were recorded./r/nIn total, 19 studies met the screening criteria. Study designs were prospective cohorts (42%), retrospective cohorts (32%), Case series (21%), and randomized controlled trial (5%). Twelve of the 19 (63.2%) studies investigated the application of TAL as an anatomical landmark for locating acetabular component position in THA. Analysis revealed that TAL is a reliable anatomical landmark for acetabular component orientation within the safe zone in THA./r/nTAL can reliably be used to align the acetabular component in the safe zone for anteversion and inclination in THA. However, TAL has individual variation influenced by some risk factors. More randomized controlled studies with larger numbers of patients are needed to investigate the precision and accuracy of TAL as an intraoperative landmark in THA./r/nIV.