Undifferentiated sarcoma of bone with a round to epithelioid cell phenotype harboring a novel EWSR1-SSX2 fusion identified by RNA-based next-generation sequencing.

Due to the increased application of RNA-based next-generation sequencing techniques on bone and soft tissue round cell sarcomas new fusions are frequently found, thereby expanding the molecular landscape of these tumors. In this report, we describe and discuss the finding of an undifferentiated sarcoma of the bone with a round to epithelioid cell phenotype harboring a novel EWSR1-SSX2 fusion. Treatment of this new bone tumor entity according to the Euro Ewing 2012 protocol led to complete pathologic response.