Is Plating Fixation Through the Kocher-Langenbeck Approach for Associated Posterior Wall Fragment Indispensable in Both-Column Acetabular Fractures?

The treatment methods for posterior wall (PW) in both-column acetabular fractures are controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare reduction quality, clinical outcomes, and complications of nonfixation for posterior wall fragment and plating via the Kocher-Langenbeck (KL) approach after anterior surgical procedures in both-column acetabular fractures./r/nForty-nine patients with both-column acetabular fractures associated with PW fixed via iliac fossa and Stoppa approaches from October 2012 to October 2017 were recruited into this study and were divided into two groups: Nonfix group (nonfixation for PW) and KL group (PW plating through the KL approach). Operation duration, intraoperative blood loss, reduction quality, fracture healing, and relevant complications of patients were reviewed. Merle d’Aubigné scores were used for assessing functional outcome./r/nThe mean blood loss and operation durations were lower in Nonfix group than in KL group (both p < 0.05). The mean hospital stay durations were (18.54 ± 6.42) days and (21.17 ± 7.32) days in groups Nonfix and KL, respectively (p = 0.186). All fractures healed well with no significant difference in union time between the two groups (p = 0.210). The rates of satisfactory reduction were 84.62% (22/26) in Nonfix group and 86.96% (20/23) in KL group (p = 1.000). The mean Merle d’Aubigné scores were 15.62 ± 2.28 in Nonfix group and 16.17 ± 2.19 in KL group (p = 0.388). The complication rates were 7.69% (2/26) in Nonfix group and 34.78% (8/23) in KL group (p = 0.046)./r/nFor both-column acetabular fractures associated with PW fragment, although fixation of PW was not performed after anterior surgical procedures, satisfactory outcomes could also be obtained. However, nonfixation was a less invasive choice with a lower complication rate.